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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 141947 Find in a Library
Journal: Law and Society Review  Volume:26  Issue:4  Dated:(1992)  Pages:831-862
Author(s): J P Heinz; P M Manikas
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 32
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This structural analysis of the relationships among participants in a local criminal justice system, viewed in its political context, pursues John Hagan's suggestion that criminal justice theory adopt a "structural-contextual approach."
Abstract: Drawing on data from a survey of 211 criminal justice administrators, interest group leaders, and news reporters in Cook County, Ill., this study examined networks of contact among the various governmental elites and private groups, using smallest space analyses to depict the patterns of relationships. Although the literature suggests that the police and the judiciary are often closely entwined with local political elites, the analysis concludes that the judiciary is a relatively distinct or autonomous set in the Chicago context. The police, however, are found near the political elites. The news media are strongly oriented toward enforcement agencies rather than toward the judiciary or corrections, and the public and private organizations that represent less powerful constituencies, such as minorities, juveniles, and the mentally ill, are found on the periphery. Contrary to some suggestions in the literature, government officials are not found in the center of these networks. Rather, the core of the structure is hollow, indicating an absence of central brokers or mediators. 63 references and appended lists of private organizations related to Cook County criminal justice and positions of individuals related to Cook County criminal justice as of 1987
Main Term(s): Criminal justice system coordination
Index Term(s): Criminal justice system management; Criminal justice system personnel; Illinois
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