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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 141976 Find in a Library
Title: Use of Archival Data To Select and Assign Schools in a Drug Prevention Trial
Journal: Evaluation Review  Volume:17  Issue:2  Dated:(April 1993)  Pages:159-181
Author(s): C W Dent; S Sussman; B R Flay
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 23
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article presents a method for using school-level characteristics in the description of the sample and the random assignment of schools in school-based drug prevention trials, based on an analysis of data from 35 schools in Los Angeles County (Calif.).
Abstract: These trials typically encounter large variations in school composition and the levels of preintervention behavior. Such variations may inhibit efforts to maximize the internal and external validity of the findings of a field study. However, the use of multivariate canonical techniques to examine the usefulness of the archival data for the 35 schools revealed that a small set of attributes could efficiently predict the observed school-level variations in smoking tobacco and other drug use. The attributes included school size, ethnic composition, socioeconomic status, and student achievement. Results suggest that these attributes should be used by other school-based studies to enhance experimental field research. Figures, tables, appended tables, notes, and 16 references
Main Term(s): Drug prevention programs; Research methods
Index Term(s): California; Juvenile drug use; School influences on crime; Schools; Tobacco use
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