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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 142073 Find in a Library
Journal: Medical Anthropology Quarterly  Volume:4  Issue:1  Dated:(March 1990)  Pages:56-71
Author(s): J B Page; D D Chitwood; P C Smith; N Kane; D C McBride
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 16
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Needle-using behaviors were surveyed in a sample of 230 intravenous drug users in Miami and Dade County (Fla.).
Abstract: The participants were all noninstitutionalized and were recruited from the street. Results revealed a statistically significant relationship between the frequency of injections and positive HIV-antibody test results and that 104 of the participants were antibody-positive at the time the study began. Self-reported needle-sharing behavior and the use of safe houses (shooting galleries) were also related to infection. Observational data that were gathered using ethnographic techniques identified standard cleaning practices, drug sharing between syringes, and accidental punctures as additional risks of HIV infection for intravenous drug users. Data from detailed interviews regarding values associated with needle use also indicated that interventions focusing on needle cleaning can be effective in this population. 30 references
Main Term(s): AIDS/HIV transmission; Drug paraphernalia
Index Term(s): AIDS/HIV prevention; Drug abuse; Florida; Risk taking behavior
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