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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 142143 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Journal: NCJA Justice Research  Dated:(January-February 1993)  Pages:1,5,6
Corporate Author: National Criminal Justice Association (NCJA)
United States of America
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 3
Sponsoring Agency: National Criminal Justice Association (NCJA)
Washington, DC 20001
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) released a report claiming that 40 States, 2 territories, and the District of Columbia are operating under court orders or negotiated consent decrees to alleviate overcrowding or improve other conditions in their correctional facilities.
Abstract: Eleven of those jurisdictions have been ordered to improve conditions throughout their entire prison systems. In 1992, constitutional challenges to a variety of State prison conditions were initiated or pending in 13 States and D.C. The contested conditions included physical health care, mental health care, access to legal services, violence, prison conditions for women, handling of prisoners with HIV infection and tuberculosis, and HIV education. However, overcrowding remained the most frequently litigated condition. Court orders result from lawsuits brought by inmates challenging prison conditions; when the courts rule in favor of the plaintiffs, it is on grounds that their Eighth Amendment rights prohibiting cruel and unusual punishment were violated. Parties seeking to minimize litigation costs negotiate a consent decree settlement, which must be approved by the court.
Main Term(s): Inmate lawsuits; Prison conditions
Index Term(s): American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU); Corrections; Court orders; Cruel and unusual punishment; Prison overcrowding
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