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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 142170 Find in a Library
Title: FROM POSITIVISM TO POSTMODERNISM: SOME THEORETICAL AND STRATEGIC REFLECTIONS ON THE EVOLUTION OF THE PENAL LOBBY IN BRITAIN
Journal: International Journal of the Sociology of Law  Volume:20  Issue:4  Dated:(December 1992)  Pages:321-335
Author(s): M Ryan; T Ward
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 15
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The evolution of the penal lobby in Britain is traced as are debates about progressive policy interventions in the penal systems in Britain and other advanced Western societies in light of new ideas about the nature and role of the state and in terms of the legitimacy, limits, and effectiveness of such interventions.
Abstract: The assumptions of the Radical Alternative to Prison (RAP) differed markedly from the legal emphasis of the Howard League with its positivistic convictions about individual criminal behavior and the potential of the penal system to reform and be reformed. RAP's assumptions had a significant ideological impact. Its refusal to individualize criminal pathology and its claim that criminal justice was located in a wider network of power relationship provided a set of genuinely radical alternatives to the penal lobby. In contrast to the sharp divisions between RAP and the Howard league in the 1970s, the current distinction between the "radical" and "liberal" wings of the lobby seem more subtle. Both need to develop a more adequate conception of the role of the state in a modern, complex social formation. 3 notes and 45 references
Main Term(s): Correctional reform; Foreign criminal justice systems
Index Term(s): Feminism; Great Britain/United Kingdom; Political influences; Rehabilitation
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=142170

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