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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 142215 Find in a Library
Author(s): M P Koss; P G Koss; W J Woodruff
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 42
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 85-IJ-CX-0039
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examines the long-term consequences of the criminal victimization of women on their health.
Abstract: Study subjects were 413 adult women patients of a worksite-based health maintenance plan. Assessment of health status included questionnaires from the Rand HIE battery and medical chart-based data on health-service use. Findings indicate that severely victimized women, compared to nonvictims, reported more distress and less well-being, made physician visits twice as frequently in 1986, and had outpatient costs in 1986 that were 2 1/2 times greater. The severity of criminal victimization that a woman had sustained was a more powerful predictor of 1986 physician visits and outpatient costs than were demographics, subjective health status, or other stressors. Each increment in victimization severity was related to a 33-percent increase in physician visits and a 56-percent increase in outpatient costs. Heightened health service use was temporally linked to victimization, using prospective data for 2 years before the year of, and 2 years following crime among three groups of victims (noncontact crime, assault, and rape) and nonvictims. Victims' physician visits increased 15-24 percent during the year of the crime, and 31-56 percent during the following year relative to the number of visits during the two precrime years. In contrast, increases of 2 percent were observed among nonvictims during this period. The study concludes that criminal victimization has long-term deleterious effects on perceived health and leads to long-lasting increases in health service use. Implications are drawn for the primary care medical system in crime victim treatment that transcends the traditional focus on emergency care and forensic needs. 59 references, 1 table, and 4 figures
Main Term(s): Psychological victimization effects
Index Term(s): Female victims; Personal crime victims; Victim medical assistance
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