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NCJ Number: 147720 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Journal: American Journal of Criminal Justice  Volume:17  Issue:1  Dated:(1992)  Pages:63-88
Author(s): A Craddock
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 26
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 86-IJ-CX-0015
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study explores inmate classification in terms of its role as an ongoing process of formal social control within the correctional system.
Abstract: Prior research on classification has generally consisted of two types of behavior prediction: studies of clinical classification systems and studies of objective systems. Since Federal courts now require prisons to extend civil rights to inmates, prison administrators have been forced to establish a formal classification system and present it as a rational, consistent, and equitable method of formal social control. Using a sample of 4,622 male felons admitted to North Carolina State institutions in 1980, this study included two analyses, one dealing with reclassification decisions and one with rule violations. The results of the study show that reclassification decisions, in which inmates were promoted from medium-to-minimum security custody could not be described exclusively as a social control decision, particularly as space constraints appeared to be the most important factor in those decisions. However, promotion from maximum to close or from close to medium-security did seem to be prompted by social control concerns. It also did not appear that promotion from medium- to minimum-security could be correlated to an inmate's improved behavior, as measured by the number of institutional rules the inmate violated. 6 tables, 1 note, and 35 references
Main Term(s): Corrections
Index Term(s): Inmate classification; Prisoner's rights
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