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NCJ Number: 147730 Find in a Library
Title: SENTENCING COUNCILS: A STUDY OF SENTENCE DISPARITY AND ITS REDUCTION (FROM EVALUATION STUDIES REVIEW ANNUAL, VOLUME 2, P 581-622, 1977, MARCIA GUTTENTAG AND SHALOM SAAR, EDS.)
Author(s): S S Diamond; H Zeisel
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 42
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The authors developed a measure of sentencing disparity and use it to assess the magnitude of sentence disparity in two Federal district courts (Chicago and Brooklyn).
Abstract: In order to measure sentence disparity caused by differences among judges, all other factors that may affect the sentence must be controlled. This can be achieved through three approaches: random assignment, comparison of groups of cases, and identical cases. The latter approach offers the best opportunity for measuring disparity, and the sentencing council provides the optimal arrangement of this approach. This study measures the degree of existing disparity in both courts, discusses the ability of each council to reduce disparity, and evaluates the effects of the organizational structure of the two councils. The findings show that both councils were able to reduce about 10 percent of the sentence disparity in the cases it heard. The reduction occurred within the time interval between discussion in the council and the imposition of sentence. One suggested way of reducing disparity would be to require sentencing judges to adopt the median of the recommended sentences. 28 tables and 65 notes
Main Term(s): Courts
Index Term(s): Criminology; Illinois; New York; Sentencing disparity; Sentencing guideline compliance
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=147730

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