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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 147768 Find in a Library
Author(s): S F Browne
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 252
Sponsoring Agency: UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A study was conducted on the effects of youth gang participation on subsequent adult status.
Abstract: Subjects were 26 members of a white, lower-middle-class fighting gang, the Dukes. They were interviewed as active gang members in 1960, and again 9 years later. The Dukes were low achievers academically, wore jackets as a symbol of their status, and were intensely conscious of their reputations as fearless fighters. However, unlike many gangs in New York and Los Angeles, the Dukes did not promulgate a gang culture which was passed on to new recruits. The gang disappeared when the members lost touch with one another. As adults, the former Dukes were conventional law-abiding citizens who maintained stable families and steady employment. Their past gang experiences seemed not to affect their ability to achieve. The findings of this study-- considering the Dukes as a group and the members individually--generally support control theory. In varying degrees and ways, Duke members had been delinquent because their bonds to social and moral institutions were weak; as these bonds developed, they became less delinquent and more productive. Code books of the 1960 and 1969 interviews, bibliography, 11 footnotes
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): Correlation of delinquency to adult crime; Moral development; Social bond theory
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