skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 147771 Find in a Library
Author(s): A G Gonzalez
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 181
Sponsoring Agency: UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examines, from a sociohistorical perspective, Mexicano and Chicano youth gangs operating in the Los Angeles area. By focusing on the period between 1941 and 1943, the study chronicles the creation of a social phenomenon by explaining how and why it was created and subsequent organizational responses that institutionalized this phenomenon.
Abstract: Prior to 1941, no one expressed any concern about Mexicano or Chicano youth gangs; however, by 1943, concern in Los Angeles about the Mexicano youth crime rates made it one of the pressing public issues of the day. This paper maintains that the image of the Mexicano and Chicano gang member was transformed from a bad one with diffuse characteristics to a worse one with specific characteristics. As a result, the public attitude toward these gangs changed while, in fact, there was no growth in the rate of Mexicano or Chicano delinquency during this period. The first two chapters provide a history of Mexicans and Chicanos in California during the first part of the century, and discuss the Servicemen's Riots which broke out in June 1943. The paper also examines the role of the police and the media vis-a-vis the Mexicano community and details the transformation in the portrayals and beliefs about Mexicano youth.
Main Term(s): Gangs
Index Term(s): California; Hispanic Americans; Juvenile/Youth Gangs; Juveniles; Public Opinion of Juveniles
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.