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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 147774 Find in a Library
Author(s): R J Green
Corporate Author: United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
Tokyo, Japan
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
26-1 Harumi-Cho, Fuchu

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: Japan
Annotation: This paper describes the background, structure, and advantages and disadvantages of the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) introduced in England and Wales in 1986.
Abstract: The establishment of the CPS was a major reform of the criminal justice system. It separated the responsibility for the investigation of criminal offenses from the responsibility for prosecution. Prior to the establishment of the CPS, the police controlled the investigation and prosecution of offenses. The creation of the CPS had the support of all political parties. Currently, most cases are handled by Crown Prosecutors at a local level. Specially trained prosecutors review all juvenile cases. The police receive advice from prosecutors before filing charges. Strengths of the system include the independence of the CPS from the police or political influence, the integrated national structure, and accountability to parliament. Weaknesses include the police retention of the the initial decision to charge, the lack of power to direct the police, and the lack of power to direct the police at the investigative stage or to carry out further inquiries. Figures and tables
Main Term(s): Foreign courts
Index Term(s): England; Foreign laws; Police prosecutor relations; Prosecution; Prosecution by police; Prosecutorial discretion; Prosecutorial diversion; Wales
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