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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 147778 Find in a Library
Author(s): T Hutt
Corporate Author: United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
Tokyo, Japan
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
26-1 Harumi-Cho, Fuchu

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey (Cross-Cultural)
Language: English
Country: Japan
Annotation: The reunification of Germany and certain dangerous and increasing forms of crime are creating a wide range of problems for the criminal justice system and prosecution, which require several changes if they are to meet the growing challenges.
Abstract: The forms of crime that are the major sources of concern are terrorism, organized crime, drug-related crime, economic crime, and environmental crime. Recruiting adequate numbers of police is becoming difficult, especially in the eastern part of Germany. The public prosecution service handles most crimes. It operates under the principle of mandatory prosecution, but discontinues proceedings in about 30 percent of cases, based on specific discretionary principles. The role of the German public prosecutor is similar to that of a judge. The proportion of prison sentences has gradually declined in recent decades; the proportion of fines has increased to more than 80 percent. Other alternatives to institutionalization have also received increasing emphasis. Legislative and administrative changes have also been proposed to improve the handling of criminal proceedings. 44 reference notes
Main Term(s): Foreign courts
Index Term(s): Corrections in foreign countries; Foreign sentencing; Germany; Prosecution
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