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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 147788 Find in a Library
Author(s): W K Brown
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 204
Sponsoring Agency: UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Black youth gangs in Philadelphia are examined with respect to its expressive cultural component, based on interviews with gang members and other juvenile delinquents at the George Junior Republic in Pennsylvania and a review of the literature.
Abstract: The analysis considers black lower-class community and culture, the gang as an extended family, the pervasive presence of the gang, the structure of the gang, issues related to territoriality, the role of symbolic culture in the emergence of identity, female gang members, and the language and expression used by gang members. The analysis concludes that perceptions of the gang's subculture influence children's play activities as exposure to the gang increases. Thus, young children gradually incorporate some or many gang subcultural norms into their evolving sense of self. Philadelphia's black youth gangs can also be seen as adaptive organizations, that have persisted over succeeding generations. Although some youths are forced to join, most join because they desire membership. Joining the gang allows youths to structure their environment. Glossary and 193 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile gang behavior patterns
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Black juvenile delinquents; Criminology; Juvenile self concept; Peer influences on behavior; Pennsylvania
Note: University of Pennsylvania - doctoral dissertation
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