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NCJ Number: 147841 Find in a Library
Title: DIFFUSION OF CRIME CONTROL BENEFITS: OBSERVATIONS ON THE REVERSE OF DISPLACEMENT (FROM CRIME PREVENTION STUDIES, VOLUME 2, P 165-183, 1994, RONALD V CLARKE, ED. -- SEE NCJ- 147834)
Author(s): R V Clarke; D Weisburd
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: Criminal Justice Press/Willow Tree Press
Monsey, NY 10952
Sale Source: Criminal Justice Press/Willow Tree Press
P.O. Box 249
Monsey, NY 10952
United States of America
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Preoccupation with the threat of displacement has led crime prevention researchers to overlook the phenomenon of "benefits diffusion," the unexpected reduction of crimes not directly targeted by the preventive action.
Abstract: This phenomenon, which can bring considerable added value to situational crime prevention measures, has been described as the complete reverse of displacement. Two processes associated with benefits diffusion are identified: (1) offender uncertainty about the extent of increased risk; and (2) exaggerated offender perception that rewards of particular crimes are no longer commensurate with the effort. These processes are labeled deterrence and discouragement, respectively. Recent research is reviewed that provides examples of both kinds of benefits diffusion. Ways of enhancing diffusion are explored, and a program of research is advocated to investigate offender perceptions of the opening and closing of criminal opportunities. The authors conclude that, just as situational crime prevention measures may have unintended costs in terms of displacement, they may also have equal unexpected benefits in terms of diffusion. 38 references, 3 notes, and 1 figure
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Crime causes theory; Crime control theory; Crime displacement; Crime prevention measures; Crimes of opportunity
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=147841

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