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NCJ Number: 147862 Find in a Library
Title: CHINESE TRIAD SOCIETIES, TONGS, ORGANIZED CRIME, AND STREET GANGS IN ASIA AND THE UNITED STATES
Author(s): K L Chin
Date Published: 1986
Page Count: 409
Sponsoring Agency: UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study explores the history, structure and activity of the Chinese Triad societies, tongs, organized crime groups and street gangs and how these groups are interrelated.
Abstract: The author relied on five major sources: (1) index crime complaints and complaint rates of Manhattan's 21 precincts, 1968-83; (2) tape-recorded interviews with Triad, tong and gang members, law enforcement authorities, and other related persons; (3) ethnographic field notes; (4) official reports; and (5) newspaper and magazine accounts. The data indicate that Triad societies are very active in contemporary society, and the norms and values of the societies are being emulated by the tongs, organized crime groups and street gangs. However, the four groups are quite distinctive both in nature and in the kinds of activities in which they engage; there is no evidence to support the assumption that they are interrelated structurally on a national or international basis. As a result, this study does not support the hypothesis proposed by American law enforcement authorities that Chinese criminal organizations in the United States will emerge as the number-one crime problem in this country in the near future. Tables, figures, bibliography, index
Main Term(s): Gangs
Index Term(s): Crime in foreign countries; Criminology; Juveniles; Organized crime
Note: University of Pennsylvania - doctoral dissertation
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