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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 147897 Find in a Library
Journal: International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice  Volume:17  Issue:1/2  Dated:(Spring/Fall 1993)  Pages:251-259
Author(s): C Zastrow
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 9
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article summarizes the history of the social work approach to juvenile delinquency and describes current problems in using a treatment approach in the juvenile justice system.
Abstract: The United States juvenile correctional system is based on the philosophy that illegal actions by juveniles result from underlying psychological, physical, sociological, and biological needs. The focus of the juvenile justice system is to identify these needs and provide appropriate social services to meet them. The article looks briefly at common law origins of juvenile justice; middle-class reformers concerned about incarcerating juvenile offenders with adult offenders; and creation of the juvenile court. Current problems and issues in the social work approach include the following: (1) juvenile justice officials' dual role responsibility, i.e., to protect the public and to treat delinquent youth; (2) inexact science; (3) inadequate treatment resources; (4) game playing by some juvenile offenders; and (5) delinquents who pursue criminal careers as adults. References
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Corrections; Criminology; Juvenile delinquency; Social work
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