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NCJ Number: 147908 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Journal: Journal of Quantitative Criminology  Volume:9  Issue:4  Dated:(December 1993)  Pages:329-355
Author(s): B Bjerregaard; C Smith
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 27
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
National Science Foundation
Arlington, VA 22230
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 86-JN-CX-0007 (S-3); 5-R01 DA05512-02; SES-8912274
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper responds to knowledge gaps regarding female gang participation and its causes and consequences; data from the Rochester Youth Development Study, a panel study that overrepresents adolescents at high risk for delinquency, are used to compare gang participation and delinquent involvement of both female and male adolescents.
Abstract: Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 7th and 8th grade students from Rochester, New York, public schools and their caretakers. The final student sample consisted of 262 females and 707 males; 15.5 percent were white, 67.6 percent black, and 16.9 percent Hispanic. Study variables included social disorganization, poverty, school expectations, peer delinquency, parent attachment, parent supervision, sexual activity, and self-esteem. For both females and males, gang involvement was associated with substantially increased levels of delinquency and substance use. In addition, some similarity was noted in factors associated with gang membership for both sexes, although lack of school success emerged as a particularly salient factor for female adolescents. Results suggest that theory and intervention need to address the phenomenon of female gang membership as an important component of urban youth problems. An appendix contains data on interview scale construction, with factor loadings where appropriate. 82 references and 4 tables
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): Criminology; Female juvenile delinquents; Juvenile drug use; Juveniles; Male female juvenile offender comparisons; Male juvenile delinquents; New York; Students; Urban area studies; Urban criminality
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