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NCJ Number: 147914 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Journal: Criminology  Volume:32  Issue:1  Dated:(February 1994)  Pages:47-83
Author(s): T P Thornberry; A J Lizotte; M D Krohn; M Farnworth; S J Jang
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 37
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
National Science Foundation
Arlington, VA 22230
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 86-JN-CX-0007 (S-3); 5-R01 DA05512-02; SES-8912274
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Three theoretical models of the interrelations among association with delinquent peers, delinquent beliefs, and delinquent behavior are examined.
Abstract: The socialization model views delinquent peers and beliefs as causally prior to delinquent behavior, whereas the selection model hypothesizes that association with delinquent peers and delinquent beliefs result from delinquent behavior. The interactional model combines aspects of both socialization and selection models, positing that these variables have bidirectional causal influences on one another over time. Data to test for reciprocal causality, drawn from three waves of the Rochester, New York, Youth Development Study, suggest that simple unidirectional models are inadequate. Associating with delinquent peers leads to increased delinquency via the peer network's reinforcing environment. Engaging in delinquency, in turn, leads to increased association with delinquent peers. In addition, delinquent beliefs exert lagged effects on peers and behavior which tend to harden the formation of delinquent beliefs. Appendixes contain supplemental data on delinquent peers, peer reactions, and delinquent beliefs. 60 references, 27 footnotes, 4 tables, and 2 figures
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquents
Index Term(s): Behavior patterns; Behavioral science research; Causal models; Crime Causes; Criminology; Interactionist theory; Juvenile delinquency factors; Longitudinal studies; New York; Socialization
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