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NCJ Number: 147953 Find in a Library
Journal: Journal of Criminal Justice  Volume:22  Issue:1  Dated:(1994)  Pages:1-12
Author(s): R C Davis; B E Smith
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 12
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper results on the results of a field test that examined the effects of victim impact statements on victim perceptions of involvement and satisfaction with the criminal justice system.
Abstract: Data came from crime victims in the Bronx Supreme Court, Bronx, N.Y. between July 1988 and April 1989 and involved 293 victims of robbery, nonsexual felonious assault, and burglary. At intake, the participants were randomly assigned to one of three groups: (1) victims were interviewed and victim impact statements were written and distributed to court officials, (2) victims were interviewed but no statements were written, and (3) victims were not interviewed. Followup interviews reached 202 of the victims 1 month after case intake and 157 victims after their cases were disposed. Results indicated that victim impact statements had no effects on any of a multitude of measures of victim perceptions. Findings indicated that although victim impact statements are a relatively low-cost and noncontroversial way to involve victims, they might do little to promote satisfaction with the criminal justice system. Tables, note, and 30 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Victim impact statements
Index Term(s): Citizen satisfaction; Criminal Justice System Response to Victims; New York; Victim attitudes; Victim reactions to the Criminal Justice System
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