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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 147965 Find in a Library
Journal: International Journal of Drug Policy  Volume:4  Issue:4  Dated:(1993)  Pages:202-209
Author(s): G van de Wijngaart
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 8
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This analysis of discussions of drug policies in Western European countries concludes that they are based on two major opposing perspectives of the drug problem, each with its own internal coherence.
Abstract: One view is the deterrence view associated with the War on Drugs. The other is the normalization view, which has been put forward by countries such as the Netherlands. According the deterrence perspective, the best way to prevent the problems arising from drug use is to try to eliminate their use altogether. According to the normalization perspective, the problems arising from the use of drugs are not inevitable and are intensified rather than alleviated by attempts to eliminate drug use. These perspectives differ also in the way in which drugs themselves are defined, the way in which they are supposed to affect users, the social consequences, and policy recommendations. Normalizers strongly oppose criminalization, note that criminal law has never succeeded in completely eliminating prohibited behavior, and recommends the increased provision of information and education to reduce demand. 27 references
Main Term(s): Drug regulation
Index Term(s): Drug laws; Drug legalization; Foreign laws; Western Europe
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