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NCJ Number: 148023 Find in a Library
Title: Linking Self- and Social Control with Deviance: Illuminating the Structure Underlying a General Theory of Crime and Its Relation to Deviant Activity
Journal: Journal of Quantitative Criminology  Volume:10  Issue:1  Dated:(March 1994)  Pages:41-78
Author(s): M Polakowski
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 38
Grant Number: 89-IJ-CX-0039
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This research operationalizes and tests Gottfredson and Hirschi's treatment of self-control, particularly focusing on individual level characteristics.
Abstract: Data were collected from the first six waves of the Cambridge Study in Delinquency Development, conducted in Great Britain between 1961 and 1981. The sample included a cohort of 411 males, aged 8 to 9 years in 1961. The results show that a single factor of low self-control, including minor behavioral conduct disorders, provided a better fit to the data than did the constructs of hyperactivity-impulsivity-attention deficit disorder. The operationalization represented here suggests that the characteristic of self-control is comprised of physical and emotional disregard for the rights of others and may result from conditions signifying poor parental practices. The analysis showed that self-control is moderately stable over time and is inversely related to elements of the bond to conventional society. The combination of self-control and the bond elements predicted future convictions of the London cohort as well as major forms of self-reported deviance. 6 tables, 3 figures, 18 notes, and 87 references
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Criminology; Deviance; Great Britain/United Kingdom; Longitudinal studies
Note: NIJ Reprint
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