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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 148033 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Project Director: A Sagalyn
Date Published: 1973
Page Count: 126
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
US Dept of Justice
Grant Number: NI-71-026-C2
Sale Source: Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examines alternative approaches for governments, institutions, and individuals to use for crime prevention in the residential setting.
Abstract: Security means both actual protection against a threat and freedom from fear about it. This report considers the value or cost-effectiveness of a security measure from both these perspectives. A conceptual framework for determining the cost-effectiveness of a security measure in terms of reducing the actual risk of loss from crime is presented. It is based on the concepts of the crime pressure of the area and the vulnerability of the specific residence to which the security measure is to be applied. Crime pressure is a special type of crime rate, stated in terms of opportunities rather than targets. Vulnerability is defined as the probability that a particular residence will be the target of any randomly selected crime. Approaches for dealing with residential crime can either reduce crime pressure, which is a public responsibility, or the vulnerability of a residence, which is the responsibility of the resident. The report emphasizes two conclusions: security devices should be viewed as part of the consumer market, and greater attention must be given to the displacement effects of any target-hardening approaches. The report emphasizes the importance of design in crime prevention. Other alternatives discussed are security devices, citizen action (civilian patrols, tenant patrols, private guards), and public policies for residential security (police, incentives and crime insurance, and State and local codes). The report concludes that government's role should be primarily informational. It recommends ways to provide security information to various audiences and also suggests topics for additional research. 134-item bibliography
Main Term(s): Crime prevention measures
Index Term(s): Citizen crime precautions; Police; Residential security
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