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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 148039 Find in a Library
Journal: Alcohol, Drugs and Driving  Volume:9  Issue:3-4  Dated:(July-December 1993)  Pages:complete issue
Editor(s): H Moskowitz
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 252
Type: Best Practice/State-of-the-Art Review
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: These eight papers discuss the roles of several behavioral factors in traffic safety, with emphasis on the interactive effects of alcohol.
Abstract: Individual papers focus on the roles of personality factors, driving experience, compliance with traffic laws, age, medical conditions, gender, visual abilities, attention and information processing capacity, and fatigue. The six personality factors most strongly and consistently related to driver behavior and crash involvement are thrill- seeking, impulsiveness, hostility/aggression, emotional instability, depression, and locus of control. Other driver characteristics that predict increased risk are a prior history of accidents and traffic convictions, being young, being male, being inexperienced, being from a lower socioeconomic background, high mileage, and poor social adjustment. The analyses reveal that human behavior and capabilities influencing traffic safety vary widely and that these factors affect both drinking behavior and the consequences of drinking. Figures, tables, and reference lists
Main Term(s): Drug abuse
Index Term(s): Alcohol-crime relationship; Criminology; Driving Under the Influence (DUI); Highway safety; Reckless driving
Note: Proceedings of an International Symposium, Santa Monica, Calif., May 6-9, 1993
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