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NCJ Number: 148064 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Criminal Justice and Community Response to Rape
Author(s): J Epstein; S Langenbahn
Corporate Author: Abt Associates, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 153
Sponsoring Agency: Abt Associates, Inc
Cambridge, MA 02138
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: OJP-89-C-009
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Dataset: DATASET 1  DATASET 2
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Based on the approaches of four communities and on a literature review, this report describes organizational and procedural changes that have helped law enforcement and victim service organizations maintain an effective stance against rape.
Abstract: The four organizations primarily involved with rape victims are rape crisis centers, law enforcement agencies, prosecutors' offices, and hospitals. Lessons learned from this report show that rape victims are best served when the four groups work cooperatively. Formal networks of these agencies aid rape prevention, rape prosecution, and rape victim protection. Related programs and services adopted in some jurisdictions are the use of victim/witness advocates in prosecutors' offices and police agencies, the use of sensitivity training in criminal justice organizations and hospitals, establishment of cross-training and mechanisms for interagency cooperation, and the sponsoring of outreach programs for minority women who have been raped. Procedural changes that facilitate rape investigations and rape victim services include DNA typing to confirm the identity of a suspected offender, the use of third-party (notably rape crisis centers) rape reporting, and the protection of rape victims' privacy. Because of the high rape rate, many communities have mounted civic education programs that focus on youth. Effective programs typically use community members, teach risk awareness and self-protection, and challenge cultural values that promote or condone sexual violence. The concluding chapter suggests issues for future research in this area. 7 tables and appended prevention and educational materials, materials for hospitals treating rape victims, and a list of national victim advocacy organizations
Main Term(s): Sexual assault victims
Index Term(s): Rape; Rape investigations; Rape law reform; Victim services
Note: From National Institute of Justice Issues and Practices, May 1994.
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