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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 148069 Find in a Library
Title: Early Determinants of Delinquency and Violence
Journal: Health Affairs  Volume:12  Issue:4  Dated:special issue (Winter 1993)  Pages:46-64
Author(s): S Buka; F Earls
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 19
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The authors review established early risk factors for later delinquency and violence.
Abstract: As reflected in a statement by Attorney General Janet Reno, the most formative time of a person's life is the first three years, when he or she learns the concept of reward and punishment, and develops a sense of conscience. However, public policy has not yet been committed to supporting families during this critical period. Institutions and programs equivalent to public schools should be established for preschoolers, as none exist now. Early risk factors include characteristics of the child: antisocial behavior, low IQ (especially low verbal ability) attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, learning disability, poor motor-skill development, prenatal and perinatal complications, minor physical anomalies, and head injury; characteristics of the family: lack of parental supervision or involvement, parental rejection, poor disciplinary practices, family criminality, child abuse/neglect, poor marital relations, parental absence due to divorce or separation, and large family size. These factors should be studied not as snapshots, but as moving pictures. Exhibit, 87 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Crime prevention measures; Criminality prediction; Dangerousness; Juvenile delinquency prevention
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