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NCJ Number: 148077 Find in a Library
Title: Shooting in the Dark: Estimating the Cost of Firearm Injuries
Journal: Health Affairs  Volume:12  Issue:4  Dated:special issue (Winter 1993)  Pages:171-185
Author(s): W Max; D P Rice
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 15
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The author discusses the methodology for estimating losses due to firearm injuries.
Abstract: The methodology involves estimating direct and indirect costs and life years lost. Direct costs include spending for hospitals and long-term care, physician and other professional services, rehabilitation, medications, emergency transportation, medical equipment, supplies, and home modifications. Indirect costs means the value of lost productivity. This methodology is applied to firearm injury data from 1985. Estimates are then updated for 1990, taking into account changes in the number of injuries, patterns of health care use, and inflation. In 1990, losses due to firearm injuries totaled an estimated $20.4 billion--$1.4 billion in direct health care costs, $1.6 billion in lost productivity due to injury, and $17.4 billion in lost productivity due to premature death. These figures likely are underestimations, as they are based on old data and on many assumptions necessitated by data gaps. Yet, they are critical to any rational debate on firearm policy. To create a more informed policy, data collection must be refined. Chart, 7 tables, 33 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Criminal justice research; Data collections; Economic analysis of crime; Firearms; Research uses in policymaking; Statistics
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