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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 148131 Find in a Library
Author(s): P Tornudd
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 33
Sponsoring Agency: Oikeuspoliittinen Tutkimuslaitos
00531 Helsinki, Finland
Sale Source: Oikeuspoliittinen Tutkimuslaitos
PL 444
00531 Helsinki,
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: Finland
Annotation: Beginning in the 1960's, criminal justice experts in Finland began to perceive that the country's prison overcrowding rate was becoming more than an internal national problem and was affecting its international profile.
Abstract: While Finland has one of the lowest crime rates in Scandinavia, its clearance rates and high proportion of sentences mandating imprisonment led to prison overcrowding. Prison sentences also tended to be longer than in other European and Nordic countries. The country's harsh history, including a civil war and two wars with the Soviet Union, may have led to a social climate in which severe punishment for crime was supported by the population. However, the Finnish prison population has been reduced through a number of reforms leading to increased diversion, increased use of alternatives to incarceration, shorter sentences, and enhanced options for pardon and parole. 5 tables, 7 references, and 1 appendix
Main Term(s): Corrections
Index Term(s): Correctional reform; Finland; Foreign correctional systems; Prison overcrowding; Statistics
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