skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 148145 Find in a Library
Title: Forensic Application of Repetitive DNA Markers to the Species Identification of Animal Tissues
Journal: Journal of Forensic Sciences  Volume:39  Issue:2  Dated:(March 1994)  Pages:353-361
Author(s): E A Guglich; P J Wilson; B N White
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 9
Type: Report (Technical Assistance)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper explains the use of highly repetitive DNA markers in determining the species or animal tissues in cases of the illegal commercialization and poaching of game animals and presents data from two court cases in Ontario, Canada that demonstrate the application of the procedure.
Abstract: This approach has been used in cases involving white- tailed deer, moose, and black bear. Digesting the DNA with various restriction enzymes, agarose electrophoresis, and staining with ethidium bromide revealed unique banding patterns for each species. These patterns have been used to distinguish meat from game animal species from commercial sources of meat and organs. On the Ontario investigations involved the illegal sale of moose meat. The two unknown tissue samples were analyzed with controls of beef and moose, white-tailed deer, red deer, and elk DNA. A similar case involved an investigation into the illegal sale of white-tailed deer meat. The technique described is a straightforward method of species identification that is less expensive and faster than the other species identification techniques using DNA analysis. Figures and 17 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Science and Technology
Index Term(s): DNA fingerprinting; Ontario; Tissue analysis; Wildlife law enforcement
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.