skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 148152 Find in a Library
Title: Reliability of Skull/Photograph Superimposition in Individual Identification
Journal: Journal of Forensic Sciences  Volume:39  Issue:2  Dated:(March 1994)  Pages:446-455
Author(s): D Austin-Smith; W R Maples
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 10
Type: Report (Technical Assistance)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The accuracy of video superimposition methods for identifying unknown human skulls was examines in a study in which three identified human skulls were each compared to 97 lateral view and 98 frontal view mug-shot photographs using two television cameras, an electronic signal mixer, and a video monitor.
Abstract: The skulls were not from individuals represented by the photographs. All comparisons were done without using anterior dentition. Results revealed that 9.6 percent of the lateral view and 8.5 percent of the frontal view superimpositions were classified as a consistent fit based on the criteria that were identified. The incidence of false matches was reduced to 0.6 percent of the sample when a frontal view and lateral view photograph of the same individual were both compared to one skull. Findings indicated that without anterior dentition, skull/photograph superimposition is reliable when two or more photographs that clearly depict the facial features from different angles are used in the comparison. Photographs, tables, and 37 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Science and Technology
Index Term(s): Bone analysis; Death investigations; Forensic medicine; Photographic identification; Victim identification
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=148152

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.