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NCJ Number: 148237 Find in a Library
Title: General Prevention: Criminological and Psychological Problems (From Psychology and Law: International Perspectives, P 193-202, 1992, Friedrich Losel, Doris Bender, et al., eds. -- See NCJ-148224)
Author(s): D Dolling
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: Walter de Gruyter & Co
1 Berlin 30, Germany United
Sale Source: Walter de Gruyter & Co
Genthiner Str 13
1 Berlin 30,
Germany (Unified)
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Language: English
Country: Germany (Unified)
Annotation: General prevention, identified partially with deterrence, is a preferred topic in criminological research, although such research has encountered methodological problems and difficulties in identifying an appropriate theoretical approach to social and psychological relations associated with general prevention theory.
Abstract: In criminal statistics studies, official data on prosecution and punishment, such as data on clearance rates and penalty types, are correlated with officially registered criminality. This approach is used to obtain information on links between the probability of punishment and the extent of criminality. Different approaches have been used in survey studies, including interview, self-report, and panel surveys. Empirical research to date has not adequately covered positive general prevention, specifically the impact of penal law on the population's legal consciousness. Legal consciousness or lifestyle does not preclude criminal acts but does reduce their probability. Long-term attitudes and action patterns are shaped by socialization, and deterrence may have long-term impact through penal laws that favor the development of legal lifestyles. Benefits and criticisms of various research techniques are noted. 42 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Crime control theory; Crime prevention measures; Criminal justice research; Deterrence; Psychological research; Psychological theories; Research methods; Socialization
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