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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 148243 Find in a Library
Title: Influencing Public Policy on Eyewitnessing: Problems and Possibilities (From Psychology and Law: International Perspectives, P 265-274, 1992, Friedrich Losel, Doris Bender, et al., eds. -- See NCJ-148224)
Author(s): G Davies
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: Walter de Gruyter & Co
1 Berlin 30, Germany United
Sale Source: Walter de Gruyter & Co
Genthiner Str 13
1 Berlin 30,
Germany (Unified)
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: Germany (Unified)
Annotation: This investigation found that no one ideal method exists for studying eyewitness behavior; rather, different methods have various strengths and weaknesses.
Abstract: Four major methodologies have emerged for the systematic study of eyewitness identification: incident, field, archival, and single case studies. Incident studies have limitations as representations of reality, and study findings may not always be extrapolated to the general population. Field studies may be used to ensure a more representative cross-section of the population. In archival studies, actual data from police files are examined and categorized in terms of variables of interest. Because archival studies lack data on the overall accuracy of eyewitness descriptions, case studies may be necessary to check witness statements. Only by pooling the results of different methodologies is a reliable psychology of the eyewitness likely to emerge. 49 references, 1 table, and 1 figure
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Eyewitness testimony; Research methods; Suspect identification; Witnesses
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