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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 148278 Find in a Library
Title: PREDICTORS OF STATUS AND CRIMINAL OFFENSES AMONG MALE AND FEMALE ADOLESCENTS IN AN ONTARIO COMMUNITY (FROM YOUTH INJUSTICE: CANADIAN PERSPECTIVES, P 277-295, 1993, THOMAS O'REILLY-FLEMING, BARRY CLARK, EDS. -- SEE NCJ-148261)
Author(s): I M Gomme
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: Canadian Scholars Press
Toronto, Ontario M5S 2V6, Canada
Sale Source: Canadian Scholars Press
Marketing Manager
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Suite 1202
Toronto, Ontario M5S 2V6,
Canada
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: This paper explores the nature of differing causal structures of male and female delinquency.
Abstract: The emphasis in this orientation is placed upon socialization in a group context. Delinquency is viewed as the product of group influences through which individuals learn, by way of interaction in intimate personal groups, the skills and the rationalizations supportive of misconduct. A central finding in much delinquency research is that the possession of delinquent friends is a factor strongly predisposing youth to participation in delinquent activity. While association with delinquent friends affects delinquency for both males and females, females are consistently more strongly predisposed toward a variety of delinquent acts than are males. Belief in the law reduces involvement in status and criminal offenses for both males and females. Males are more subject to and affected by formal social controls (law, police, courts) while females are more subject to and influenced by informal social controls (family, peers). While for girls the relationship between school performance and all types of delinquency is nonexistent, for boys, lower levels of academic performance prefigure both status and criminal offenses. There is no direct causal relationship between socioeconomic status and delinquent behavior. Age is a significant predictor of status offenses for both sexes. Tables, endnotes
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Crime Causes; Criminology; Foreign juvenile justice systems; Group behavior; Juvenile delinquency
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=148278

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