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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 148300 Find in a Library
Title: Origins of the Gulag: The Soviet Prison Camp System 1917-1934
Author(s): M Jakobson
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 182
Sponsoring Agency: University Press of Kentucky
Lexington, KY 40508-4008
Publication Number: ISBN 0-8131-1796-8
Sale Source: University Press of Kentucky
663 S. Limestone Street
Lexington, KY 40508-4008
United States of America
Type: Historical Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This book examines network of prison camps (GULAG) developed in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, with emphasis on the period from the October Revolution of 1917, when the tsarist prison system was destroyed, to October 1934, when all places of confinement were consolidated under one agency.
Abstract: The prison camps served the Soviet government in many ways: to isolate opponents and frighten the population into submission; to increase labor productivity through the arrest of workers deemed inefficient; and to provide labor for factories, mines, lumbering, and construction projects. The text focuses on the structure and relationships among prison agencies, the Bolshevik views of crime and punishment and inmate reeducation, prison self-sufficiency, and the political conditions and competition among prison agencies that contributed to an unprecedented expansion of the system. The author disputes the official claim of 1931 that the system was profitable. Figures, tables, photographs, maps, index, chapter reference notes, and appended descriptions of major agencies (Publisher summary modified)
Main Term(s): Corrections in foreign countries
Index Term(s): Political offenders; Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)
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