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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 148330 Find in a Library
Title: Locating Absconders: Results from a Randomized Field Experiment
Journal: Federal Probation  Volume:58  Issue:1  Dated:(March 1994)  Pages:13-23
Author(s): F S Taxman; J M Byrne
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Locating probationers who violate probation conditions is discussed.
Abstract: The fastest growing component of the prison and jail populations in the United States is offenders who fail while under community supervision. The increased use of multiple conditions of probation raises two enforcement problems for both probation agencies and the judiciary: how probation officers should respond if an offender refuses to comply with the conditions of probation and absconds; and how a judge should respond to noncompliance when and if the offender is subsequently apprehended. This article examines how the Maricopa County, Arizona Probation Department addresses these questions. This department established a warrants unit devoted to the location and apprehension of the absconder. Focusing on the probation office response, the results of a randomized field experiment designed to test the effects of two different strategies for locating and apprehending absconders with this specialized probation-based warrants unit are presented. Results suggest that early identification of absconders by supervising probation officers, combined with proactive offender location and apprehension strategies, may result in higher apprehension levels with no significant change in return to prison/jail rates due to formal revocations. A proactive, probation-based warrants unit appears to be an effective strategy for locating and apprehending offenders who abscond. The article identifies broader issues concerning sentencing practices and judicial responses to technical violators that merit further research. Tables, references, notes
Main Term(s): Probation violations
Index Term(s): Community-based corrections (adult); Probation; Probationers
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