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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 148345 Find in a Library
Title: Gang Crime and Law Enforcement Recordkeeping, Research in Brief
Series: NIJ Research in Brief
Author(s): G D Curry; R A Ball; R J Fox
Corporate Author: West Virginia University
United States of America
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
West Virginia University
Morgantown, WV 26506
Grant Number: 91-IJ-CX-K003
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF|Text
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Survey
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A 1992 survey sponsored by the National Institute of Justice of metropolitan police departments in 79 large and 43 small U.S. cities showed that 72 large cities and 38 small cities were troubled by gangs.
Abstract: Researchers contacted police department administrators in 79 large cities with populations of 200,000 or more, as well as 43 small cities and 11 county jurisdictions. In the 110 jurisdictions reporting gangs, the survey identified 249,324 gang members, 4,881 gangs, 46,359 gang-related crimes, and 1,072 gang-related homicides. Homicides and other violent crimes accounted for about half of all gang- related crime incidents. Most law enforcement agencies attempted various gang prevention approaches, including community organization, social intervention, opportunity provision, suppression, and organizational change. The proportion of female gang members who committed gang-related crimes was relatively small, about 3 to 4 percent. Although the overwhelming majority of gang members were black or Hispanic, the proportion of white youth involvement in gangs appeared to be increasing. Cities with gang problems generally reported far more gang members than gang-related incidents, but this may have reflected how statistics were recorded rather than the degree of criminal involvement. 19 notes and 8 exhibits
Main Term(s): Gangs
Index Term(s): Black/African Americans; Female offenders; Gang Prevention; Hispanic Americans; Homicide; Municipal police; State-by-state analyses; Urban area studies; Urban criminality; Violent crimes
Note: National Institute of Justice Research in Brief
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