skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 148374 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Corporate Author: US Congress
Senate Subcommittee on Juvenile Justice
United States of America
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 118
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
US Congress
Washington, DC 20510
Publication Number: ISBN 0-16-036903-7
Sale Source: Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislative Hearing/Committee Report
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This transcript presents testimony and statements from a hearing before the U.S. Senate Subcommittee on Juvenile Justice that focused on the implementation of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974, along with current prevention and treatment strategies for status offenders.
Abstract: One of the key provisions of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 is to help States remove status offenders from institutions. The rationale for such a policy is that youth with problem behaviors typically come from dysfunctional families, and locking up the children does not address the source of the problem. A panel of youth who have been runaways and homeless testify about family problems, notably physical and sexual abuse, and emotional abuse that drove them from their homes. Their statements emphasize the importance of community-based services that helped them deal with their problems and develop constructive behaviors. A panel of witnesses who work in programs for runaway and homeless youth advise that status offenders are generally maltreated youth who need a service- oriented rather than a punishment-oriented response from the community. A representative from the General Accounting Office presents results from his agency's study of States' compliance with Federal mandates for the deinstitutionalization of status offenders. The study found that although States have made progress in removing status offenders from custodial institutions, some 3,000 status offenders and nonoffenders are locked up daily because there is no room for them in community programs. Witness statements and questions and answers are included in this report.
Main Term(s): Juvenile status offenders
Index Term(s): Child abuse as delinquency factor; Child abuse situation remedies; Courts; Homeless children; Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act; Runaways; Status offender deinstitutionalization
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.