skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 148375 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Author(s): A J Schwartz
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 36
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Education
Washington, DC 20208
Sale Source: US Dept of Education
Office of Educational Research and Improvement
555 New Jersey Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20208
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper summarizes part of a larger project designed to identify leadership behaviors of principals in "gang- impacted" schools and other secondary schools.
Abstract: The research was prompted by reports that gang behavior at some schools has been adversely affecting academic programs and the learning environment. The selection of 19 high schools in East Los Angeles County was influenced by the area's rapidly increasing teenage Latino population and the Latino gang epidemic already rampant in Los Angeles city schools. The study conceptualized principal leadership behavior as derived from two separate but related theoretical strands: theories about the multidimensionality of leadership and contingency theories about interaction between leadership behavior and organizational context. Multidimensional theories include behavior focused either on organizational goals or social and emotional aspects of the organization. Contingency theory asserts that different situations require and often produce different leadership behaviors. The study variables were school social context, four principal leadership behaviors, and seven pupil attitudes that define school climate. Results show that patterns of principals' leadership behavior vary and that the relationships between these patterns and climates differ in schools with different social contexts. Principals in hostile schools exhibited significantly more control orientation and significantly less administrative task orientation than did principals in safe schools. 3 footnotes, 16 references, and 19 tables
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): Crime in schools; Criminology; Educators; Gangs; Leadership; School delinquency programs
Note: Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association conference in New Orleans, Louisiana, April 8, 1988.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.