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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 148384 Find in a Library
Journal: Justitiele Verkenningen  Volume:19  Issue:9  Dated:(December 1993)  Pages:128-154
Author(s): J Junger-Tas
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 27
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: Dutch
Country: Netherlands
Annotation: This article reviews the most important and most often used alternatives to imprisonment, along with their effectiveness and efficiency.
Abstract: Alternative sanctions as substitutes for imprisonment have been developed for the first time in countries with a prison crisis, that is, the United States and the United Kingdom; however, most western countries have a problem of serious prison overcrowding. Consequently, the use of alternative sanctions has spread throughout the western world. The alternative sanctions have three primary objectives: to reduce prison overcrowding, to reduce costs, and to reduce recidivism. Many evaluation studies have examined whether and to what extent these objectives have been achieved by the new sanctions. The main conclusions of these evaluations are that substitution for a prison sentence occurs in only approximately half of all eligible cases and that there has as yet been no appreciable reduction in costs. As far as recidivism is concerned, the results show that offenders in alternative projects have similar recidivism rates as probationers and do better than offenders on parole. 54 references
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Prison overcrowding
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