skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 148412 Find in a Library
Title: Justice as Sanctuary: Toward a New System of Crime Control
Author(s): H Bianchi
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 199
Sponsoring Agency: Indiana University Press
Bloomington, IN 47404-3797
Publication Number: ISBN 0-253-31182-9
Sale Source: Indiana University Press
Promotion Manager
601 N. Morton Street
Bloomington, IN 47404-3797
United States of America
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study advocates to complement the present punitive system of crime control with a conflict resolution system.
Abstract: This type of system, which was already used by the ancient Hebrews, would give the victim and the accused the right to resolve their conflict by dispute settlement. As a result, the state prosecutor would no longer act as the only resource of criminal procedure; instead, victim and accused could end the procedure at any time by reaching a reasonable and fair agreement. For example, the offender could return a stolen object, refund fraudulently acquired goods, or retract an insult. The state would function as a pretor in charge of surveying the conflict resolution process and intervene if the system is abused. To facilitate conflict resolution involving violent crime, the state would allow the existence of sanctuaries where the offender would be safe from both arrest and the revenge of the victims. State law would also regulate the safe and open administration of these sanctuaries. Although such a system may sound utopian, it would allow many victims and offenders, who feel alienated by the present criminal justice system, to experience the law as a supportive force which enhances social interaction and reintegration. A 13-page bibliography is appended.
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Conflict resolution; Dispute resolution; Restitution; Victim-offender reconciliation
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.