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NCJ Number: 148438 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Are Some People Crime-Prone? Replications of the Personality-Crime Relationship Across Countries, Genders, Races, and Methods
Journal: Criminology  Volume:32  Issue:2  Dated:(May 1994)  Pages:163-195
Author(s): A Caspi; T E Moffitt; P A Silva; M Stouthamer-Loeber; R F Krueger; P S Schmutte
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 33
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
William T. Grant Foundation
New York, NY 10022
Grant Number: MH-49414; MH-45070; 86-JN-CX-0009
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Two studies, one conducted in the U.S. and one in New Zealand, were used to examine the relationship between personality and crime. The subjects in New Zealand were 18 years old, while those in the U.S. were 12 and 13 years old.
Abstract: The variables included in the study were nationality, race, gender, and age. Delinquency was measured through self reports, informants' reports, police contacts, and court convictions. The results revealed that among both males and females, delinquency was correlated negatively with the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire (MPQ) scales Traditionalism and Control, and positively with the Aggression scale. The scales Alienation and Stress Reaction were also related to delinquency. These correlations were consistent across country, age, gender, and race. Future research will examine the relationship between negative emotionality displayed in early childhood and adolescent delinquency, and the relationship between negative emotionality, delinquency, and adult criminality. 7 tables and 72 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prediction; New Zealand; Personality assessment; Statistics; US/foreign comparisons
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