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NCJ Number: 148468 Find in a Library
Title: Dollar or a Day: Sentencing Misdemeanants in New York State
Journal: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency  Volume:31  Issue:2  Dated:(May 1994)  Pages:183-201
Author(s): J F Nelson
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 19
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using sentencing records for 105,000 misdemeanants convicted in New York State, this study examines possible sentencing disparities for white and minority (black or Hispanic) offenders.
Abstract: The analysis controlled for differences in arrest charges, prior criminal records, conviction charges, and county of processing. White offenders were sentenced more often than minority offenders to pay fines, minorities sentenced for their first conviction received conditional discharges more often than whites, and minorities with prior arrest records were sentenced to jail more often than whites. Minority and white offenders with similar backgrounds and charges received sentences of the same length and minorities usually were fined less money than whites. The discrepancies were explained by the perceived lack of alternative sentencing for punishing poor offenders. The disparity could be reduced by developing alternatives to institutionalization for offenders who lack resources to pay fixed-amount fines. 5 tables, 9 notes, and 21 references
Main Term(s): Courts
Index Term(s): Corrections; Misdemeanor; New York; Racial discrimination; Sentencing disparity; Statistics
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