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NCJ Number: 148470 Find in a Library
Title: Racial Differences in Perceived Sanction Threat: Static and Dynamic Hypotheses
Journal: Journal of Research on Crime and Delinquency  Volume:31  Issue:2  Dated:(May 1994)  Pages:210-224
Author(s): B S Blackwell; R H Grasmick; J K Cochran
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: National Science Foundation
Washington, DC 20550
University of Oklahoma
Norman, OK 73069
Grant Number: SES-9121856
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study proposes and tests both static and dynamic hypotheses concerning racial differences in the perceived certainty and severity of sanction threats for theft, assault, and drunk driving.
Abstract: The study hypothesizes that there are racial differences in perceived sanction threats in that nonwhites perceive higher threats of legal sanctions but lower threats of informal sanctions than whites. The study also predicts changes over time in racial differences in perceived threats of shame, embarrassment, and legal sanctions. Data were obtained from surveys conducted in Oklahoma City in 1982 and 1992. The results confirm earlier findings that blacks perceive a higher threat of legal sanctions and a lower threat of informal sanctions, particularly the threat of self-imposed shame. However, blacks perceived higher certainties of both legal sanctions and shame in relation to drunk driving offenses. Overall, the data did not support the proposed dynamic hypotheses formulated by the authors. 3 tables and 21 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Black/White Attitude Comparisons; Public Opinion of Corrections; Racial discrimination; Surveys
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