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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 148475 Find in a Library
Title: Ethnic and Gender Differences in Risk for Early Adolescent Substance Use
Journal: Journal of Youth and Adolescence  Volume:23  Issue:2  Dated:(April 1994)  Pages:195-213
Author(s): D J Flannery; A T Vazsonyi; J Torquati; A Fridrich
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 19
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined interpersonal and intrapersonal risk for substance use in a sample of Caucasian and Hispanic early adolescents.
Abstract: A total of 1,170 sixth and seventh graders, equally divided by gender, participated. Interpersonal risk was assessed by susceptibility to peer pressure, parental monitoring, peer substance use, parent-child involvement, and school adjustment. Intrapersonal risk was measured through self-efficacy, impulsivity, aggression, depression, and academic achievement. As expected, mean level of use did not differ between ethnic groups. Regression analyses showed susceptibility to peer pressure and peer alcohol use were the best predictors of individual substance use. These findings were consistent across gender and ethnicity. In all groups, interpersonal variables accounted for more variance in predicting risk (49 percent for Hispanic males) than intrapersonal variables (0.0 percent for Hispanic females). Findings are discussed in terms of examining mean levels compared to the underlying pattern that predicted substance use, and regarding implications for prevention efforts in early adolescence. 5 tables and 30 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Controlled Substances; Ethnic groups; Gender issues; Juvenile delinquency factors
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