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NCJ Number: 148506 Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile Gang Delinquency in Paris
Journal: Social Problems  Volume:10  Dated:(Summer 1962)  Pages:23-31
Author(s): E W Vaz
Date Published: 1962
Page Count: 9
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study compares the prevalence, structure, and behaviors of juvenile gangs in Paris with those of gangs in major American cities and considers explanations for the differences.
Abstract: Data obtained in interviews with French experts and workers in the field of juvenile delinquency suggest that antisocial juvenile gangs in Paris tend to be associated with recurrent indices of social disorganization: poverty, overcrowding, slum housing, disruption of family life, and the lack of recreational facilities. Delinquent gangs persist in low-rent housing estates located in the "banlieues" of Paris. The delinquent-gang problem in Paris has not reached the dimensions it has in some U.S. cities. Gangs do not "war" against one another in Paris, and juvenile drug-taking and drug-trafficking gangs do not exist in Paris. Parisian juvenile gangs are smaller, less formally organized, and less cohesive than typical American juvenile gangs. Still, gang members in both cultures have similar life patterns: early termination of schooling, irregular employment, regular drinking habits, and a wide range of delinquent activities. When a large Parisian gang does evolve, however, it partially resembles the structure and design of American juvenile fighting gangs. Possible reasons for differences in juvenile gangs in Paris and U.S. cities are the relative absence of adult criminal enterprises in Paris to serve as role models for juvenile gangs and the traditional social structure in France that conditions lower class youths not to experience strongly felt discrepancies between aspirations for wealth and legitimate income opportunities. 18 footnotes
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Cross-cultural comparisons; Cultural influences; Foreign juvenile delinquency; France; Gangs; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile gang behavior patterns; Juvenile/Youth Gangs
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