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NCJ Number: 148514 Find in a Library
Title: Predicting Gang Fight Participation in a General Youth Sample via the HEW Youth Development Model's Community Program Impact Scales, Age, and Sex
Author(s): J L Truckenmiller
Date Published: 1983
Page Count: 23
Sponsoring Agency: Eric Document Reproduction Service
Arlington, VA 22210
Pennsylvania Dept of Public Welfare
Harrisburg, PA 17120
Sale Source: Eric Document Reproduction Service
P. O. Box 190
Arlington, VA 22210
United States of America
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A sample of 1,551 male and female Pennsylvania youth completed the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare Impact Scales and a demographic questionnaire, designed to investigate the predictive power of gang pressure, negative labeling, access to educational and occupational roles, social alienation, self-esteem, sex, and age with regard to gang fight participation.
Abstract: The analysis demonstrated that normative peer pressure towards delinquency was the strongest predictive variable with respect to gang fight participation as reported by the youth. Youth-perceived negative labeling by teachers was the second strongest predictor. Seventy-four percent of the sample was correctly classified using the Impact Scales. Measures related to alienation, youth perceived access to social roles, youth perceived negative labeling by parents and peers, parental rejection, self-esteem, age, and sex were unrelated to gang fight participation levels. 5 tables, 7 notes, and 12 references
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Gangs; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile/Youth Gangs; Peer influences on behavior; Pennsylvania
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