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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 148519 Find in a Library
Title: Gang Awareness/Violence Prevention
Corporate Author: Midwest Regional Ctr for Drug-Free Schools and Communities
United States of America
Project Director: L D Whitman
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 23
Sponsoring Agency: Midwest Regional Ctr for Drug-Free Schools and Communities
Oak Brook, IL 60521
Sale Source: Midwest Regional Ctr for Drug-Free Schools and Communities
1900 Spring Road
Oak Brook, IL 60521
United States of America
Type: Conference Material
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: To be classified as a gang, an organization must meet five criteria: have a name, claim territory or turf, be composed of members who continuously hang out together, have unique distinguishing characteristics, and engage in criminal activity.
Abstract: The primary motivations for joining a gang include identity or recognition, protection, fellowship and brotherhood, and intimidation. Personal factors contributing to gang involvement which are outlined here include power, pride, prestige, peer pressure, adventure, self-preservation, lure of money, and limited life options. The levels of individual gang involvement include youth who fantasize about gang membership, youth at risk of gang membership, "wanna be" associates, gang members, and hard core gang members. The most successful strategies to preventing gang activity seem to be suppression, social intervention, provision of social opportunities, community mobilization, and organizational change. Schools can help combat the problem through providing staff development, teaching values, fostering a positive school climate, and developing culturally inclusive curricula.
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Community involvement; Crime prevention planning; Gang Prevention; Gangs; Juvenile/Youth Gangs
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