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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 148540 Find in a Library
Title: Gangs in Juvenile Corrections: Fighting, Drug Abuse, and other Health Risks
Author(s): E Tromanhauser; G Knox
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 29
Sponsoring Agency: Chicago State University
Chicago, IL 60628
National Commisson on Correctional Health Care
Chicago, IL 60614
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Chicago State University
Dept of Criminal Justice
95th and King Drive, HWH 329
Chicago, IL 60628
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Data were obtained from a sample of 1,801 juveniles confined in 44 juvenile correctional facilities in five States during the May┬ŽJune 1991 period to analyze gang membership.
Abstract: The survey instrument contained 45 forced-choice questions. A written guide and a video training tape accompanied the survey instrument to ensure reliability in the collected data. In each of the 44 correctional facilities, the survey was completed by confined juveniles in small groups. Only 5.2 percent of youth were 13 years of age or younger; the median age was 16 years. Most were male, and the racial distribution was 18.9 percent Hispanic, 27.1 percent white. 46.1 percent black, and 7.9 percent other. Bivariate findings showed a strong connection between fighting and drug abuse, in relation to whether the same youth reported gang membership. Self-reported gang membership appeared to be substantially higher than that estimated by juvenile correctional administrators. Although no significant differences emerged between males and females in terms of prior gang membership, race significantly differentiated gang membership. Hispanics led in terms of the proportion reporting ever being gang members, compared to 46.5 percent of blacks and 36.7 percent of whites. Drug and alcohol abuse appeared to be related to physical fights, fights involving deadly weapons, gang membership, and suicide ideation and planning. Gang members tended to be incarcerated longer than their nongang counterparts. Further, gang members were significantly more likely than nongang members to report cigarette smoking and sexual activity. 49 references, 8 footnotes, 9 tables, and 1 figure
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): Juvenile correctional facilities; Juvenile Corrections/Detention; Juvenile drug abusers; Juvenile inmates; Juvenile suicide; Violent juvenile offenders
Note: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, 1992, Pittsburgh
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