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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 148552 Find in a Library
Title: Preliminary Results from Assessment of Gangs and Violence in Texas Public Schools
Author(s): E H McConnell; M E Pelz
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: Southwest Texas State University
San Marcos, TX 78666
University of Houston
Houston, TX 77004
Sale Source: University of Houston
3801 Cullen
Houston, TX 77004
United States of America

Southwest Texas State University
Soc of Police & Criminal Psychology
Hines Academy Ctr
Room 120
San Marcos, TX 78666
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Questionnaires were mailed to superintendents of the 1,062 public school districts in Texas to probe youth gang issues in Texas schools.
Abstract: As of March 1992, data had been received from 49 percent of the respondents. The questionnaire, consisting of 161 items, was based on the Spergel and Curry open-ended questionnaire used in a national survey of 45 cities. A review of the literature was also conducted to examine gangs in schools, delinquent subcultures, the development of delinquent groups as an alternative to school system norms, the effect of social disorganization in neighborhoods and schools on delinquent peer group influences, school violence, and the link between academic performance and gang membership. This review specifically included studies of delinquent group norms in Great Britain's public schools, peer group pressures, the role of gangs in meeting youth's needs for status and success, the incidence of violent gang activities in U.S. high schools, school crime in California and New York, street gangs in Chicago, student fear of school gangs in Philadelphia, and the incidence of school dropouts among gang members. Survey findings are not reported because data collection was ongoing. 27 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): California; Crime in foreign countries; Crime in schools; Foreign juvenile delinquency; Great Britain/United Kingdom; High school education; Illinois; Juvenile delinquency; New York; Peer influences on behavior; Pennsylvania; School dropouts; Social organization; Students; Texas; Violent juvenile offenders
Note: Paper presented to the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, 1992, Pittsburgh
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