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NCJ Number: 148611 Find in a Library
Title: Juridical Impact of Psychological Expert Testimony in a Simulated Child Sexual Abuse Trial
Journal: Law and Human Behavior  Volume:18  Issue:1  Dated:(February 1994)  Pages:89-105
Author(s): M J Crowley; M G O'Callaghan; P J Ball
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 17
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using a simulated case of child sexual abuse, this study examined the impact of expert testimony about cognitive development in children on jury decisions.
Abstract: Twenty-four gender-balanced panels containing six mock jurors each viewed a videotaped simulation of a criminal court trial in which the age of the child victim/witness (6, 9, or 12 years), the child's gender, and the presence or absence of expert testimony were manipulated. Results revealed significant effects of exposure to expert testimony on jurors' ratings of the child on the factors addressed by the expert: expertise of memory, susceptibility to suggestion, and ability to monitor reality. The jurors rated the expert testimony highly in terms of its helpfulness and impartiality. No significant main effects were revealed for child credibility ratings according to the age or sex of the child victims. However, juror gender polarization effects were noted in that female jurors were significantly more likely than males to rate the child's credibility higher and to find the defendant guilty. Table and 53 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Court procedures
Index Term(s): Child development; Child Sexual Abuse; Jury decisionmaking; Juvenile victims; Psychologists role in criminal justice; Testimony
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=148611

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