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NCJ Number: 148661 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Sentencing: Intermediate Sanctions in the Federal Criminal Justice System
Author(s): W O Jenkins Jr; D Page; W J Sabol; D P Alexander; D M Leiss; P Vines; K Wheeler; A H Finley
Corporate Author: US Government Accountability Office
United States of America
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 134
Sponsoring Agency: Azimuth Inc.
Fairmont, WV 26554
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Government Accountability Office
Washington, DC 20548
Publication Number: GAO/GGD-94-63BR
Sale Source: Azimuth Inc.
1000 Technology Drive, Suite 3120
Fairmont, WV 26554
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report, prepared by the General Accounting Office (GAO) in response to a request by the House Subcommittee on Intellectual Property and Judicial Administration, covers available criminal sanctions, eligibility for sanctions, sanctions imposed on convicted offenders in fiscal year 1991, agencies responsible for sanction administration, monthly operating and expansion costs of illustrative sentences, and legal limitations to the increased availability and use of sanctions other than imprisonment.
Abstract: The GAO found that three intermediate sanctions are currently available in the Federal system: probation with a confinement condition, split sentence (short prison sentence followed by supervised release with a confinement condition), and shock incarceration. Eligibility for sanctions is primarily determined by the U.S. Code and guidelines of the U.S. Sentencing Commission. Of all offenders sentenced in Federal district courts in fiscal year 1991, about 73 percent received a sentence of imprisonment; 14 percent received probation, and 11 percent received an intermediate sanction. Because most sentences were comprised of more than one sanction, jurisdiction was often split between the probation and prison systems. Costs varied widely according to sentence length and composition, and comparative cost generalizations were difficult to make. The GAO determined that the U.S. Code, Federal sentencing guidelines, and Bureau of Prison regulations limit the availability and use of intermediate sanctions. Appendixes provide supplemental information on the scope and methodology of the GAO study, sanctions, and sentencing costs. Footnotes, tables, and figures
Main Term(s): Corrections
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Federal courts; Incarceration; Intermediate sanctions; Probation; Sentencing guidelines; Sentencing statistics; Shock incarceration programs
Note: Briefing Report to the House Judiciary Committee, Subcommittee on Intellectual Property and Judicial Administration
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